Diao Yinan’s stylized film noir tackles violence, crime, and the marginalized
A woman in red borrows a lighter from a disappointed man on a rainy night in the underpass of a small train station, and they strike up a dubious conversation in the Wuhan dialect: Why didn’t the man’s wife show up? Could the woman take her place?
Thus begins The Wild Goose Lake, whose Chinese title translates into Rendezvous at a Southern Train Station. The only Chinese film to compete at the 2019 Cannes Film Festival, it attracted the notice of Quentin Tarantino on its opening night in May.
Director Diao Yinan previously won a Gold Bear for Best Film at the 2014 Berlin International Film Festival for Black Coal, Thin Ice. This and Wild Goose’s subsequent international fame may have paved the way for the latter’s public release in mainland theaters in December, a rare case within its genre.
Scenes of shootouts, decapitation, and rape are usually off-limits in a country that lacks a content rating system, yet Wild Goose offers such depictions in spades. In one of its most gruesome scenes, rival gangsters skewer each other with umbrellas; the thrill of the conflict is amplified by watching an everyday object suddenly turn violent.
The film noir unfolds with flashbacks of fugitive Zhou Zenong (Hu Ge), the ringleader of a low-level gang of a motorcycle thieves in Wuhan, and the night it all went wrong: A turf war had escalated into bloodshed and horrific murder, and a panicked Zhou shot and killed a policeman.
Wounded and in hiding, Zhou learns that there is now a reward of 300,000 RMB for his capture, which he hopes his estranged wife Yang Shujun (Wan Qian) can collect. Liu Ai’ai (Gwei Lunmei), an escort working at a lakeside resort, agrees to pass messages between the couple, but this beautiful informant’s true loyalty and motive are unknown.
The setting, a fictioned Wuhan “urban village” named Wild Goose Lake, is a murky place unsettled by poverty and migrant workers, where crime runs rampant—an underbelly of Chinese society rarely seen on the big screen. Dark alleyways, dingy diners, and shabby apartment complexes serve as the backdrop of many night scenes. Over 2,000 amateur actors appeared in the movie, most hired locally. For one chase scene that culminates in a shootout in an apartment block, the entire building’s residents were hired to play themselves.
Many of the film’s plotlines were inspired by real crimes. The central story is based on a 2014 case, where a fugitive in northeastern China showed up at his niece’s house in order for her to collect the 100,000 RMB bounty on him. A scene where motorcycle thieves gather in a hotel basement to exchange tips and hold a stealing competition was also ripped from a 2012 Wuhan headline.
In the film, as in real life, there is no clear distinction between the good guys and the bad. In chase scenes, the audience can hardly tell the police from the gang, while scenes of the officers dividing up jurisdictions for investigation recall amusing parallels with criminals dividing up territories for theft.
In another sequence, where the police search for Zhou in a zoo at night, the artful cinematography mirrors the hunter-prey dynamic of the jungle. An aesthetic moment sees the wounded and hallucinating Zhou point his gun at a wall covered in newspapers, as the pictures come to life and make sounds.
Wild Goose creates a highly stylized movie universe with saturated shades of orange and magenta, excellent sound design that often elevates scenes emotionally, and sophisticated camera work. In one chase scene, the shot focuses entirely on the shadow cast by the fugitive. As he runs away toward the light, his shadow stays fixed on the wall, becoming larger but also translucent.
The film shows a clear weakness when it comes to storytelling, spending most of its time on world-building rather than constructing the narrative and furthering character development. Neither the fugitive Zhou nor the escort Liu has any backstory. How did they get into their present situation? What issues from the past are they motivated by?
The lack of character complexity has led to some confusion among Wild Goose’s audience, such as when reviewer Laoyueyeliao concluded in a WeChat article that the film was trying to exonerate Zhou’s crimes as attempts to take care of his family. Such a vastly deviant interpretation shows that the film could still do a better job displaying the complex existential struggles of Zhou and Liu, and others who live on the edge.
Liu Ai’ai: Are you really Zhou Zenong?
Dàgē, nǐ shì Zhōu Zénóng, Nóng gē ma?
Zhou Zenong: What?
L: Your wife can’t make it.
Nǐ lǎopo lái bù liǎo le.
L: If you’re willing, I can take her place. If you’re not willing, I’ll leave right away.
Nǐ yàoshi yuànyì, wǒ kěyǐ tì tā. Nǐ yàoshi bú yuànyì, wǒ xiànzài jiù zǒu.
L: Brother, you’re lucky. Haven’t you thought about running away?
Dàgē, nǐ yùnqì mánhǎo, méi xiǎngguo pǎo ma?
Z: Where to?
Wǎng nǎli pǎo?
L: To the south, all the way to the south.
Wǎng nán a, yìzhí wǎng nán.
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The Wild Goose Lake is a story from our issue, “Alpine Ambitions.” To read the entire issue, become a subscriber and receive the full magazine. Alternatively, you can purchase the digital version from the App Store.