Every spring, in late March, the lush slopes of the West Lake region in Hangzhou come alive. Farmers in straw hats dot the tea fields, as the most precious Longjing must be picked in two short weeks before the Qingming Festival. Considered one of the finest types of green tea in China, West Lake Longjing, or “Dragon Well” tea, is known for its emerald color, sparrow tongue-shaped leaves, bittersweet taste, and rich aroma. An entire day’s work by a skilled tea picker yields only half a kilogram of tea after processing, contributing to its high price. Plentiful rainfall, humid air, moderate climate, rich soil, and hilly lands make this area perfect for tea cultivation, which goes back at least 1,500 years.
The China National Tea Museum, Shuangfeng Branch (中国茶叶博物馆双峰馆区) on Longjing Road is a nice first stop to gather all your tea facts. It is surrounded by the tea fields of Shuangfeng village (双峰村), one of the major tea producing communities of the region. Nearly all the families here are involved in the tea business, and visitors can see tea-makers processing the tender leaves in frying pans in their front yards.
The Longjing Temple (龙井寺), located in a village of the same name southwest of West Lake, is where the Longjing legend began. The eponymous Dragon Well is located inside. It’s said that, once upon a time, Hangzhou experienced a severe drought, but this well (井 jǐng) remained active. Local people believed this was due to a dragon (龙 lóng) that lived inside, giving rise to the name “Longjing.”
In Longjing village, you can drink authentic Shifeng Longjing (狮峰龙井), the most premium of the five varieties of the tea. If you want high quality Longjing to take home and don’t mind a trip to the tea gardens, buying tea in farmers’ houses is recommended. In several large tea producing areas like Meijiawu village (梅家坞村) and Longjing village, you can visit the fields, watch the tea-roasting process, and bring freshly-fried leaves home.
Cover image from VCG
Excerpt taken from Rolling in Zhejiang, TWOC’s new booklet on tourism and language in Zhejiang province available in English, French, German, Russian, Korean, and Japanese. Get your digital copy today from our WeChat Store or iTunes Store!