Ride the roller coaster of China’s stock market with our guide to investor jargon and slang
Like thrill-seekers at an amusement park, China’s investors are used to sudden ups and downs. Nowadays, even young Chinese born in the 2000s (known as “post-00s”) are boarding the stock market roller coaster, and they’re bringing a host of new slang terms to complement the existing jargon of the financial industry.
To understand when the 过山车 (guòshānchē, roller coaster) of China’s stock market is heading for disaster, one needs to be well-versed in not only specialized stock market terminology but also the language of internet memes.
For example, basic operations like buying or selling a stock or fund are often expressed with metaphors related to vehicles. To buy a fund is to 上车 (shàngchē, board the car); to close out a trade is 下车 (xiàchē, get off the car); and selling out a fund to buy a new one with the proceeds is 换车 (huànchē, change car). Investors have to be careful though, as any wrong move can lead to 翻车 (fānchē, rolling a car), signifying substantial losses after investing in an underperforming stock.
Some investors believe that frequent “car changing” is more likely to lead to a rollover, so they stick to the “buy and hold” strategy. Their motto is 做时间的朋友 (zuò shíjiān de péngyou, be the friend of time). No matter how the market changes, they tend not to sell their shares in the hope that this loyalty will pay off with gains in the long term. On the internet, this strategy is often dubbed as 卧倒 (wòdǎo, lie down) or, perhaps disparagingly, 躺平 (tǎngpíng, lie flat).
No matter what, I will buy and lie flat.
Riding the roller coaster
Clearly, investing can be a bumpy ride. Funds that fluctuate dramatically in value are referred to as roller coasters, not just because of investors’ fluctuating earnings, but also the emotional ups and downs that follow.
Look at my roller coaster earnings!
Extreme adrenaline junkies may choose to 梭哈 (suōhā), or “go all in.” 梭哈 is the transliteration of the English “show hand,” a term often used in stud poker.
It’s time to go all in tonight.
Of course, this often backfires. As their savings plummet, unfortunate investors who poured too much into failing companies face despair. In 2011, after stocks of Chongqing Brewery suffered days of drastic losses that triggered a cease in trading of the shares, a depressed investor published a post titled “Crying While Eating” on the online forum Baidu Tieba: “After coming back home today, I cooked some noodles. I cried while eating. The tears dropped into the bowl, and I didn’t turn the lights on.”
The phrase 关灯吃面 (guāndēng chīmiàn, turning off the lights and eating noodles), quickly caught on as a stock phrase used by investors suffering losses. Nowadays, investors say they are “eating noodles” when they are losing money and 吃肉 (chīròu, eating meat) when their investment is trending up.
Choose the right fund to invest in and you can eat meat every day.
Some are lucky enough to buy a stock at the perfect time, sit back, and relax as they watch its value rise serenely. These fortunate buyers are said to 坐轿 (zuòjiào, sit in a sedan chair).
They are boosted even further by those who buy in after the stock has already begun to rise—their money helps boost the share price further, or 抬轿 (táijiào, lifting the sedan chair), mainly benefiting those already seated comfortably having invested earlier.
I spent the whole year doing nothing but lifting the sedan chair for others.
One of the most important skills for investors is knowing when to cut their losses. But selling low isn’t easy, since gamblers (sorry, “investors”) always hold out hope that those squiggly lines on the stock dashboard will turn and they’ll ride the roller coaster back to the summit. Cutting one’s losses on a stock is therefore referred to as 割肉 (gēròu, cut meat), indicating that selling a stock or fund at a low price is as painful as cutting off one’s own flesh.
The stock has dropped by 10 percent, it’s time to cut meat.
Clear-eyed investors know that as long as their money is in the markets, it’s at risk. They argue that 落袋为安 (luò dài wéi ān), literally “money is only safe when it’s in your bag,” to encourage investors to cash out.
Unsurprisingly, many ignore this and instead tend to 追涨杀跌 (zhuīzhǎng shādiē, buy when the price is rising and sell when it’s dropping). The losses these people incur from these poor investment decisions make them 韭菜 (jiǔcài, leeks), a metaphor for greenhand investors who blindly follow the trends with their money and often end up losing money, or 被收割 (bèi shōugē, getting harvested).
Fortunately, leeks grow back quickly. When a new batch of newcomers flood into the market, the once-harvested, now more experienced investors can offer valuable advice:
Investment is risky, be careful before entering the market.
Find more great stories on our app:
How To Talk Like a Chinese Investor is a story from our issue, “Online Odyssey.” To read the entire issue, become a subscriber and receive the full magazine. Alternatively, you can purchase the digital version from the App Store.